Daily GK & Current Affairs - 08 and 09 Oct 2017

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Daily GK Current Affairs 08 and 09 Oct 2017 by QuizCanvas

NATIONAL NEWS

Grand celebrations mark 85th anniversary of Indian Air Force

  • The Indian Air Force is celebrating its 85th anniversary on Sunday.
  • The Air Force Day parade was marked by a stunning air display with various aircraft at the Hindon Air Force Station in Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh. On its day of glory, the IAF will showcase its might with a display of its vintage, modern and fighter aircraft.
  • India started to celebrate Air Force day on 8th of October in the year 1932 as an auxiliary air force of Indian Empire.

PM Narendra Modi lays foundation stone of 3.92 km long Okha-Byet Dwarka bridge

  • The Prime Minister laid the foundation stone of a bridge connecting Okha port to Byet Dwarka. This about 3.92 kilometer-long cable bridge will reduce the distance between these two destinations and will make travel for the pilgrims more convenient. He then laid foundation for widening of Porbandar - Dwarka four-lane road and Gadu - Porbandar road.
  • He also laid the Foundation Stones for a greenfield airport for Rajkot; six-laning of Ahmedabad-Rajkot National Highway; and four-laning of Rajkot-Morbi State Highway.

Prime Minister launches Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI)

  • Narendra Modi as he launched the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) at Vadnagar in Gujarat, today.Through this programme, Government of India aims to reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme.
  • The special drive will focus on improving immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018.
  • The achievement of full immunisation under Mission Indradhanush to at least 90% coverage was to be achieved by 2020 earlier. With the launch of IMI, achievement of the target has now been advanced.

President launches Mata Amritanandamayi Math Project Jeevamrutham

President Ram Nath Kovind has launched 100 crore rupees Mata Amritanandamayi Math Project “Jeevamrutham” to provide filtration system for cleaning drinking water to 5000 villages across India, in kollam district in kerala. The President also distributed the certificates to three village out of 12 villages in the States of Bihar, UP, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Chatisgarh, Uttarakand, Maharashtra and kerala, which were adopted by the Math, verified as Open Defecation Free by Swatch Bharat Abhiyan.


Ex-SC judges could soon be appointed NHRC chiefs

  • The Home Ministry has moved the Cabinet to amend the recruitment process of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).
  • A key change being contemplated is that a retired Supreme Court judge could also be considered for the Chairperson’s position, currently reserved for former Chief Justices of the Supreme Court.
  • Similarly an amendment for appointment of members is also being considered. The members could be picked from a pool of retired Chief Justices of High Courts. Currently, a serving or retired SC judge is considered. The NHRC was constituted under the Protection of Human Rights Act in 1993. The Act was last amended in 2006.

Dr. Mahesh sharma inaugurates ‘Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav - 2017’ at Ahmedabad

Continuing its endeavor to promote India’s Heritage, Ministry of Culture has organised 3 days long diversified cultural carnival ‘Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav - 2017’ at the premises of Sabarmati River Front Event Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The festival was inaugurated by Dr Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture (I/C) and Environment, Forest & Climate Change.


M/o Culture Organizes ‘Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav’ in Gujarat as a part of ‘Paryatan Parv’

Ministry of Culture as a part of ‘Paryatan Parv’ is organising ‘Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav’ under the Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat matrix in Gujarat. The State paired with Gujarat is Chhattisgarh. The Mahotsav coverd a profusion of art forms from classical and folk music and dance, theatre to literature and the visual arts and would offer the chance to experience the best in established and emerging virtuosity. The “Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav (RSM)-2017” started today, will continue till 9th October, 2017 in India’s 1st World Heritage City i.e Ahmadabad,


FOREIGN AFFAIRS & INTERNATIONAL NEWS

India to conduct the First ‘BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017’ next week beginning 10th October

The First ‘BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017’ (BIMSTEC DMEx-2017) will be conducted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) as the lead agency next week from October 10-13, 2017 in Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR). At the 17th BIMSTEC Senior Officials Meeting held in Kathmandu, Nepal on February 7, 2017, it was decided that India would organize the first annual Disaster Management Exercise for the region.

Delegates from all seven nations of the ‘Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation’ (BIMSTEC) grouping, - namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand, representatives from Embassies/High Commissions of BIMSTEC nations in Delhi, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), and Senior Officers from the Nodal Ministries will participate in the event.


India-South Africa Twenty Years of Strategic Partnership;Gandhi-Mandela Program on Grass Root Innovation

  • India and South Africa are celebrating twenty years of strategic partnership this year. The Union Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences, Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Dr. Harsh Vardhan attended the celebrations of the collaboration in science and technology in Durban.
  • So far, the cooperation has been focussed on chosen areas like Astronomy & Astrophysics, Agriculture Sciences, Green Chemistry, Indigenous Knowledge System and Health Sciences where both countries have complementary strengths.
  • Another hallmark of the vibrant collaboration was the launch of a new program on ‘Grass Root Innovation’ aimed towards sharing of open source technologies and IPR protection of traditional knowledge systems.

International Conference on Dialogue of Civilizations – IV (8th – 15th October, 2017)

  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Ministry of Culture, Government of India, in collaboration with National Geographic Society is hosting an international conference on “Dialogue of Civilizations – IV” from 8th – 15th October, 2017 at Delhi, Gandhinagar and Dholavira.
  • This conference is fourth in this series of ‘dialogues’ initiated by National Geographic Society in 2013 with an objective to encourage scholarly and public discourse about the five ancient, literate civilizations of the world, i.e. Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia, China and Mesoamerica and how the study of the past can share our present and future towards the right direction.
  • The first conference of this series was inaugurated in Guatemala in 2013 followed by Turkey in 2014 and China in 2015. The present conference is the fourth in this series, with the final dialogue planned in Egypt.

Shri Arun Jaitley to leave on a one week Official Visit to USA early morning tomorrow

The Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley will leave on a one week Official visit to USA early morning tomorrow i.e. 9thOctober, 2017 to participate in the Annual Meetings of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) among others. The Finance Minister, Shri Jaitley will lead the Indian Official Delegation consisting of the Governor, RBI, Dr. Urjit Patel, Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance, Shri Subhash Chandra Garg, Chief Economic Adviser (CEA), Dr Arvind Subramanian, Special Secretary, DEA, Shri Dinesh Sharma among others.


BUSINESS BULLETIN

India slips to 8th among most valuable brands; US top of the charts, China fastest growing while India decelerates: Nation Brands 2017

India is ranked the eighth most valuable nation brand while the United States retained its top position and China took the second spot in the league of nations according to Brand Finance’s Nation Brands 2017.

India went down one spot over the previous year, the report said, because the economy grew at its slowest pace. India switched places with Canada and its brand value dropped by one percentage point while that of Canada’s rose 14 per cent. China, the fastest growing nation brand in 2017, saw valuation grow 44 per cent.

India improved its brand rating from ‘AA-’ to ‘AA’ though, but failed to make it into the top ten ‘best performing’ or ‘strongest’ brands. Brand analysts list democracy, diversity, young population and technological receptivity as the pillars of India’s brand value.


RBI begins 'corrective action' against OBC for high net NPA

  • The RBI has initiated a 'prompt corrective action' against state-owned Oriental Bank of Commerce (OBC) for high bad loans. The move will place various restrictions on the public sector lender including on fresh loans and dividend distribution.
  • Net NPA of the bank rose to 9.56 per cent of net advances as of June 2017, against 8.11 per cent a year ago.
  • The RBI has initiated similar action against other public sector banks including IDBI Bank, Indian Overseas Bank and UCO Bank.

SPORTS

Lewis Hamilton wins Japanese Grand Prix to move closer to world title after Sebastian Vettel's early retirement

  • Lewis Hamilton romped to victory at the Japanese Grand Prix on Sunday to close in on a fourth world title after Sebastian Vettel retired with engine failure four laps in.
  • The Briton dominated from pole, steering his Mercedes to a crushing eighth win of the year, stretching his Formula One championship lead over Vettel to 59 points with just 100 left to play for.

Romania's Simona Halep becomes WTA world number one

Simona Halep gained some revenge for her defeat by Jelena Ostapenko in the French Open final and achieved world number one status for the first time after a 6-2 6-4 win in the semi-finals of the China Open in Beijing on Saturday.

Halep is the 25th player in WTA history and the first Romanian to become world number one, and will replace Spain's Garbine Muguruza at the top of the standings when the official rankings are released on Monday.


Samiya wins gold at U-15 Asian Junior Championship

Indian shuttler Samiya Imad Farooqui clinched the gold medal at the Under-15 women''s singles competition after defeating Indonesia''s Widjaja Stephani at the Asian Junior Championship here today.


AWARDS

Vice President Gives away Rashtra Sewa Awards organized by Krishna Foundation

  • Krishna Foundation has chosen poet and writer, Shri P. Parameswaran and Philanthropist and businessman, Shri Yusuff Ali for presenting Rashtra Sewa Awards in recognition of their services to the nation. The Foundation is also giving financial assistance to 20 school students belonging to weaker sections.
  • Shri Yusuff Ali, Chairman and Managing Director of the Abu Dhabi-based Lulu Group International, is one of the well-known businessmen from India. He has provided employment to thousands of Indians and others and was awarded Padma Shri in 2008.

SCI-TECH NEWS

World Solar Car Race Begins in Australia

The event has become one of the world's foremost innovation challenges with teams looking to demonstrate designs that could one day lead to commercially available solar-powered vehicles for passengers. An epic 3,000-kilometre (1,860-mile) solar car race across the desert heart of Australia designed to showcase new technology that could one day help develop commercial vehicles got underway Sunday.

The World Solar Challenge, first run in 1987 and last held in 2015, began in a high-tech, futuristic flurry from Darwin's State Square.


16 balsam species found in 5 years in Arunachal

  • In August 2017, a research paper describing Impatiens walongensis, a new species of balsam, was published in the peer-reviewed scientific journal Phytotaxa.
  • Discovery of new species crucial as balsam varieties are facing a threat to their habitat from fast-changing landscape of the region
  • The species was discovered from Arunachal Pradesh’s Anjaw district, one of India’s easternmost. About a meter tall with ovate elliptical leaves and light pink flowers, the plant was named after Walong, the locality where it was found. Impatiens walongensis is the latest but not the only new discovery of balsam in Arunachal Pradesh.

First 4D map of human genome folding created

Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have created the first high-resolution four-dimensional (4D) map of human gene folding, tracking an entire genome as it folds over time.

The advance by researchers, including those from Stanford University and Harvard University in the US, may lead to new ways of understanding genetic diseases. For decades, researchers have suspected that when a human cell responds to a stimulus, DNA elements that lie far apart in the genome quickly find one another, forming loops along the chromosome.

By rearranging these DNA elements in space, the cell is able to change which genes are active.


OBITUARIES

Ace director Kundan Shah passes away

  • National Award-winning director Kundan Shah, best known for his dark satire Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro and coming-of-age comedy Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa, passed away at his residence early today. He was 69.
  • Born on October 19, 1947, Shah studied direction at the Film and Television Institute of India in Pune and made his directorial debut with Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro in 1983. He received the Indira Gandhi Award for Best First Film of a Director.

Noted journalist Bismoy Kumar Mohanty dies

Noted journalist Bismoy Kumar Mohanty died today following a heart attack at Puri, family sources said. Owner and editor of Odia daily "Ajikali" published from Balasore, Mohanty was the president of Odisha Small and Medium Newspaper Organisation. He was also associated with a number of social and cultural organisations. His wife Bijay Laxmi Mohanty is also publisher and editor of language daily "Sambad Bahika".


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