All Notes


The Hindu Daily Word List - 9 October 2017

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1. CATHARTIC (adjective)

Providing psychological relief through the open expression of strong emotions; causing catharsis


Antonyms : repressive

Synonyms : purgative, purging, purifying, cleansing, cleaning

Usage:
  • Crying is a cathartic release.

2. CIRCUITOUS (adjective)

(of a route or journey) longer than the most direct way


Antonyms : direct, straight, to the point

Synonyms : roundabout, indirect, winding, meandering, serpentine

Usage:
  • The canal followed a circuitous route.

  • A circuitous line of reasoning.

3. ANALOGOUS (adjective)

Comparable in certain respects, typically in a way which makes clearer the nature of the things compared


Antonyms : dissimilar, unrelated

Synonyms : comparable, parallel, similar, like, corresponding

Usage:
  • They saw the relationship between a ruler and his subjects as analogous to that of father and children.

4. ACCOUTREMENT (noun)

An additional item of dress or equipment


Usage:
  • The accoutrements of religious ritual.

5. DECIDUOUS (adjective)

(of a tree or shrub) shedding its leaves annually


Usage:
  • Sun-loving deciduous trees like aspen.

6. PEDANTIC (adjective)

Excessively concerned with minor details or rules; overscrupulous


Synonyms : overscrupulous, scrupulous, precise, exact, over-exacting

Usage:
  • His analyses are careful and even painstaking, but never pedantic.

7. VEXATIOUS (adjective)

Causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry


Synonyms : annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome, displeasing

Usage:
  • The vexatious questions posed by software copyrights.

8. DEMURE (adjective)

(of a woman or her behaviour) reserved, modest, and shy


Antonyms : brazen, shameless

Synonyms : modest, unassuming, meek, mild, reserved

Usage:
  • I shared a compartment with a child and his demure governess.

9. QUASH (verb)

Reject as invalid, especially by legal procedure


Antonyms : validate, bring about, prompt

Synonyms : cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal, revoke

Usage:
  • His conviction was quashed on appeal.

10. DISCREET (adjective)

Careful and prudent in one's speech or actions, especially in order to keep something confidential or to avoid embarrassment


Antonyms : indiscreet, rash, obtrusive

Synonyms : careful, circumspect, cautious, wary, chary

Usage:
  • We made some discreet inquiries.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 8 October 2017

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1. PROWESS (noun)

Skill or expertise in a particular activity or field; Bravery in battle


Antonyms : inability, ineptitude, cowardice

Synonyms : skill, skilfulness, expertise, effectiveness, mastery

Usage:
  • Her culinary prowess.

  • His prowess as a fisherman.

  • The hereditary nobility had no monopoly of skill and prowess in war.

2. REVAMP (noun)

An act of improving the form, structure, or appearance of something; Give new and improved form, structure, or appearance to


Synonyms : renovate, redecorate, refurbish, recondition, rehabilitate

Usage:
  • The brand was given a $1 million revamp.

  • An attempt to revamp the museum's image.

  • A revamped magazine.

3. RESPITE (noun)

A short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant; Postpone (a sentence, obligation, etc.)


Synonyms : rest, break, breathing space, interval, intermission

Usage:
  • A brief respite from the heat.

  • The refugee encampments will provide some respite from the suffering.

  • The execution was only respited a few months.

4. PEDIGREE (noun)

The record of descent of an animal, showing it to be pure-bred; The recorded ancestry or lineage of a person or family; (of an animal) pure-bred


Synonyms : pure-bred, thoroughbred, pure, pure-blooded, full-blooded

Usage:
  • A spaniel of distinguished pedigree.

  • They are looking for animals with pedigrees.

  • The debate about pedigree and family fortunes.

5. DROLL (adjective)

Curious or unusual in a way that provokes dry amusement


Antonyms : serious

Synonyms : funny, humorous, amusing, comic, comical

Usage:
  • His unique brand of droll self-mockery.

6. PINCH (noun)

An act of pinching someone; Grip (something, typically a person's flesh) tightly and sharply between finger and thumb; Move one's finger and thumb apart or bring them together on (a touchscreen) in order to zoom into or out of an image, activate a function, etc.


Synonyms : nip, tweak, squeeze, small quantity, bit

Usage:
  • He gave her a gentle pinch.

  • She pinched his cheek.

  • You can pinch on the screen and all the open apps will appear.

7. RESORT (noun)

A place that is frequented for holidays or recreation or for a particular purpose; The action of resorting to a course of action in a difficult situation; Turn to and adopt (a course of action, especially an extreme or undesirable one) so as to resolve a difficult situation


Synonyms : holiday destination, holiday centre, tourist centre, centre, spot

Usage:
  • A seaside resort.

  • A health resort.

  • Germany and Italy tried to resolve their economic and social failures by resort to fascism.

8. PARRY (noun)

An act of parrying something; Ward off (a weapon or attack) with a countermove


Synonyms : ward off, fend off, stave off, turn aside, evade

Usage:
  • The swords clashed in a parry.

  • Her question met with a polite parry.

  • He parried the blow by holding his sword vertically.

9. REVELRY (noun)

Lively and noisy festivities, especially when these involve drinking a large amount of alcohol


Synonyms : celebration, celebrations, partying, parties, revels

Usage:
  • Sounds of revelry issued into the night.

  • New Year revelries.

10. ABDICATE (verb)

(of a monarch) renounce one's throne; Fail to fulfil or undertake (a responsibility or duty)


Antonyms : be crowned, accede to, accept, take on

Synonyms : resign, retire, quit, stand down, step down

Usage:
  • Ferdinand abdicated the throne in favour of the emperor's brother.

  • In 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated as German emperor.

  • The government was accused of abdicating its responsibility.


Daily GK & Current Affairs - 08 and 09 Oct 2017

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NATIONAL NEWS

Grand celebrations mark 85th anniversary of Indian Air Force

  • The Indian Air Force is celebrating its 85th anniversary on Sunday.
  • The Air Force Day parade was marked by a stunning air display with various aircraft at the Hindon Air Force Station in Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh. On its day of glory, the IAF will showcase its might with a display of its vintage, modern and fighter aircraft.
  • India started to celebrate Air Force day on 8th of October in the year 1932 as an auxiliary air force of Indian Empire.

PM Narendra Modi lays foundation stone of 3.92 km long Okha-Byet Dwarka bridge

  • The Prime Minister laid the foundation stone of a bridge connecting Okha port to Byet Dwarka. This about 3.92 kilometer-long cable bridge will reduce the distance between these two destinations and will make travel for the pilgrims more convenient. He then laid foundation for widening of Porbandar - Dwarka four-lane road and Gadu - Porbandar road.
  • He also laid the Foundation Stones for a greenfield airport for Rajkot; six-laning of Ahmedabad-Rajkot National Highway; and four-laning of Rajkot-Morbi State Highway.

Prime Minister launches Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI)

  • Narendra Modi as he launched the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) at Vadnagar in Gujarat, today.Through this programme, Government of India aims to reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunisation programme.
  • The special drive will focus on improving immunization coverage in select districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018.
  • The achievement of full immunisation under Mission Indradhanush to at least 90% coverage was to be achieved by 2020 earlier. With the launch of IMI, achievement of the target has now been advanced.

President launches Mata Amritanandamayi Math Project Jeevamrutham

President Ram Nath Kovind has launched 100 crore rupees Mata Amritanandamayi Math Project “Jeevamrutham” to provide filtration system for cleaning drinking water to 5000 villages across India, in kollam district in kerala. The President also distributed the certificates to three village out of 12 villages in the States of Bihar, UP, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Chatisgarh, Uttarakand, Maharashtra and kerala, which were adopted by the Math, verified as Open Defecation Free by Swatch Bharat Abhiyan.


Ex-SC judges could soon be appointed NHRC chiefs

  • The Home Ministry has moved the Cabinet to amend the recruitment process of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).
  • A key change being contemplated is that a retired Supreme Court judge could also be considered for the Chairperson’s position, currently reserved for former Chief Justices of the Supreme Court.
  • Similarly an amendment for appointment of members is also being considered. The members could be picked from a pool of retired Chief Justices of High Courts. Currently, a serving or retired SC judge is considered. The NHRC was constituted under the Protection of Human Rights Act in 1993. The Act was last amended in 2006.

Dr. Mahesh sharma inaugurates ‘Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav - 2017’ at Ahmedabad

Continuing its endeavor to promote India’s Heritage, Ministry of Culture has organised 3 days long diversified cultural carnival ‘Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav - 2017’ at the premises of Sabarmati River Front Event Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The festival was inaugurated by Dr Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture (I/C) and Environment, Forest & Climate Change.


M/o Culture Organizes ‘Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav’ in Gujarat as a part of ‘Paryatan Parv’

Ministry of Culture as a part of ‘Paryatan Parv’ is organising ‘Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav’ under the Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat matrix in Gujarat. The State paired with Gujarat is Chhattisgarh. The Mahotsav coverd a profusion of art forms from classical and folk music and dance, theatre to literature and the visual arts and would offer the chance to experience the best in established and emerging virtuosity. The “Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav (RSM)-2017” started today, will continue till 9th October, 2017 in India’s 1st World Heritage City i.e Ahmadabad,


FOREIGN AFFAIRS & INTERNATIONAL NEWS

India to conduct the First ‘BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017’ next week beginning 10th October

The First ‘BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017’ (BIMSTEC DMEx-2017) will be conducted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) as the lead agency next week from October 10-13, 2017 in Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR). At the 17th BIMSTEC Senior Officials Meeting held in Kathmandu, Nepal on February 7, 2017, it was decided that India would organize the first annual Disaster Management Exercise for the region.

Delegates from all seven nations of the ‘Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation’ (BIMSTEC) grouping, - namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand, representatives from Embassies/High Commissions of BIMSTEC nations in Delhi, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), and Senior Officers from the Nodal Ministries will participate in the event.


India-South Africa Twenty Years of Strategic Partnership;Gandhi-Mandela Program on Grass Root Innovation

  • India and South Africa are celebrating twenty years of strategic partnership this year. The Union Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences, Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Dr. Harsh Vardhan attended the celebrations of the collaboration in science and technology in Durban.
  • So far, the cooperation has been focussed on chosen areas like Astronomy & Astrophysics, Agriculture Sciences, Green Chemistry, Indigenous Knowledge System and Health Sciences where both countries have complementary strengths.
  • Another hallmark of the vibrant collaboration was the launch of a new program on ‘Grass Root Innovation’ aimed towards sharing of open source technologies and IPR protection of traditional knowledge systems.

International Conference on Dialogue of Civilizations – IV (8th – 15th October, 2017)

  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Ministry of Culture, Government of India, in collaboration with National Geographic Society is hosting an international conference on “Dialogue of Civilizations – IV” from 8th – 15th October, 2017 at Delhi, Gandhinagar and Dholavira.
  • This conference is fourth in this series of ‘dialogues’ initiated by National Geographic Society in 2013 with an objective to encourage scholarly and public discourse about the five ancient, literate civilizations of the world, i.e. Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia, China and Mesoamerica and how the study of the past can share our present and future towards the right direction.
  • The first conference of this series was inaugurated in Guatemala in 2013 followed by Turkey in 2014 and China in 2015. The present conference is the fourth in this series, with the final dialogue planned in Egypt.

Shri Arun Jaitley to leave on a one week Official Visit to USA early morning tomorrow

The Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley will leave on a one week Official visit to USA early morning tomorrow i.e. 9thOctober, 2017 to participate in the Annual Meetings of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) among others. The Finance Minister, Shri Jaitley will lead the Indian Official Delegation consisting of the Governor, RBI, Dr. Urjit Patel, Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance, Shri Subhash Chandra Garg, Chief Economic Adviser (CEA), Dr Arvind Subramanian, Special Secretary, DEA, Shri Dinesh Sharma among others.


BUSINESS BULLETIN

India slips to 8th among most valuable brands; US top of the charts, China fastest growing while India decelerates: Nation Brands 2017

India is ranked the eighth most valuable nation brand while the United States retained its top position and China took the second spot in the league of nations according to Brand Finance’s Nation Brands 2017.

India went down one spot over the previous year, the report said, because the economy grew at its slowest pace. India switched places with Canada and its brand value dropped by one percentage point while that of Canada’s rose 14 per cent. China, the fastest growing nation brand in 2017, saw valuation grow 44 per cent.

India improved its brand rating from ‘AA-’ to ‘AA’ though, but failed to make it into the top ten ‘best performing’ or ‘strongest’ brands. Brand analysts list democracy, diversity, young population and technological receptivity as the pillars of India’s brand value.


RBI begins 'corrective action' against OBC for high net NPA

  • The RBI has initiated a 'prompt corrective action' against state-owned Oriental Bank of Commerce (OBC) for high bad loans. The move will place various restrictions on the public sector lender including on fresh loans and dividend distribution.
  • Net NPA of the bank rose to 9.56 per cent of net advances as of June 2017, against 8.11 per cent a year ago.
  • The RBI has initiated similar action against other public sector banks including IDBI Bank, Indian Overseas Bank and UCO Bank.

SPORTS

Lewis Hamilton wins Japanese Grand Prix to move closer to world title after Sebastian Vettel's early retirement

  • Lewis Hamilton romped to victory at the Japanese Grand Prix on Sunday to close in on a fourth world title after Sebastian Vettel retired with engine failure four laps in.
  • The Briton dominated from pole, steering his Mercedes to a crushing eighth win of the year, stretching his Formula One championship lead over Vettel to 59 points with just 100 left to play for.

Romania's Simona Halep becomes WTA world number one

Simona Halep gained some revenge for her defeat by Jelena Ostapenko in the French Open final and achieved world number one status for the first time after a 6-2 6-4 win in the semi-finals of the China Open in Beijing on Saturday.

Halep is the 25th player in WTA history and the first Romanian to become world number one, and will replace Spain's Garbine Muguruza at the top of the standings when the official rankings are released on Monday.


Samiya wins gold at U-15 Asian Junior Championship

Indian shuttler Samiya Imad Farooqui clinched the gold medal at the Under-15 women''s singles competition after defeating Indonesia''s Widjaja Stephani at the Asian Junior Championship here today.


AWARDS

Vice President Gives away Rashtra Sewa Awards organized by Krishna Foundation

  • Krishna Foundation has chosen poet and writer, Shri P. Parameswaran and Philanthropist and businessman, Shri Yusuff Ali for presenting Rashtra Sewa Awards in recognition of their services to the nation. The Foundation is also giving financial assistance to 20 school students belonging to weaker sections.
  • Shri Yusuff Ali, Chairman and Managing Director of the Abu Dhabi-based Lulu Group International, is one of the well-known businessmen from India. He has provided employment to thousands of Indians and others and was awarded Padma Shri in 2008.

SCI-TECH NEWS

World Solar Car Race Begins in Australia

The event has become one of the world's foremost innovation challenges with teams looking to demonstrate designs that could one day lead to commercially available solar-powered vehicles for passengers. An epic 3,000-kilometre (1,860-mile) solar car race across the desert heart of Australia designed to showcase new technology that could one day help develop commercial vehicles got underway Sunday.

The World Solar Challenge, first run in 1987 and last held in 2015, began in a high-tech, futuristic flurry from Darwin's State Square.


16 balsam species found in 5 years in Arunachal

  • In August 2017, a research paper describing Impatiens walongensis, a new species of balsam, was published in the peer-reviewed scientific journal Phytotaxa.
  • Discovery of new species crucial as balsam varieties are facing a threat to their habitat from fast-changing landscape of the region
  • The species was discovered from Arunachal Pradesh’s Anjaw district, one of India’s easternmost. About a meter tall with ovate elliptical leaves and light pink flowers, the plant was named after Walong, the locality where it was found. Impatiens walongensis is the latest but not the only new discovery of balsam in Arunachal Pradesh.

First 4D map of human genome folding created

Scientists, including one of Indian origin, have created the first high-resolution four-dimensional (4D) map of human gene folding, tracking an entire genome as it folds over time.

The advance by researchers, including those from Stanford University and Harvard University in the US, may lead to new ways of understanding genetic diseases. For decades, researchers have suspected that when a human cell responds to a stimulus, DNA elements that lie far apart in the genome quickly find one another, forming loops along the chromosome.

By rearranging these DNA elements in space, the cell is able to change which genes are active.


OBITUARIES

Ace director Kundan Shah passes away

  • National Award-winning director Kundan Shah, best known for his dark satire Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro and coming-of-age comedy Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa, passed away at his residence early today. He was 69.
  • Born on October 19, 1947, Shah studied direction at the Film and Television Institute of India in Pune and made his directorial debut with Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro in 1983. He received the Indira Gandhi Award for Best First Film of a Director.

Noted journalist Bismoy Kumar Mohanty dies

Noted journalist Bismoy Kumar Mohanty died today following a heart attack at Puri, family sources said. Owner and editor of Odia daily "Ajikali" published from Balasore, Mohanty was the president of Odisha Small and Medium Newspaper Organisation. He was also associated with a number of social and cultural organisations. His wife Bijay Laxmi Mohanty is also publisher and editor of language daily "Sambad Bahika".



Daily GK & Current Affairs - 07 Oct 2017

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NATIONAL NEWS

SC collegium decides to upload its decisions on website

In a historic move to usher in transparency, the Supreme Court Collegium, headed by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, has resolved to go public with all its recommendations to the government on judicial appointments, transfers and elevations to the High Courts and the Supreme Court.

The recommendations will be uploaded on the Supreme Court's official website.

The Collegium will further “indicate” the reasons for which it has decided to recommend or reject names for appointment, transfer or elevation to the High Courts and the Supreme Court.


India and European Union agree to bolster fight against terror and strengthen ties in key areas of trade and security.

India and the European Union today adopted a declaration to counter terrorism as they discussed ways to strengthen their cooperation in key areas of trade and security during the 14th summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the top EU leadership in New Delhi.

List of Agreements signed during 14th India-EU Summit in New Delhi (October 06, 2017)

  • Implementing Arrangement between the European Commission and the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) for Indian Researchers hosted by the European Research Council grantees in Europe
  • Finance Contract of Bangalore Metro Rail Project Phase-2-Line R6 for Euro 300 million out of total loan of Euro 500 million
  • Joint Declaration between the Interim Secretariat of the International Solar Alliance and the European Investment Bank

Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi to address Digital Saksharata Abhinandan Samaroh

Digital Saksharata Abhinanadan Samaroh will be addressed by Hon’ Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on October 7, 2017 at IIT Gandhinagar. Pradhanmantri Grameen Digital Saksharata Abhiyan (PMGDISHA) is an integral component of Digital India Initiative of the Government. The scheme envisage to make 6 crore citizens digitally literate in rural India. The function will highlight the significance of digital literacy in addressing issue of digital divide/promote digital financial transactions and support in providing access to information, knowledge and skill there by leading to digitally empowered society.

PMGDISHA envisage to provide equal opportunity to rural citizens enabling them to actively participate in nation building and access livelihood through Digital Technology, Devices and Services.


President to Inaugurate India Water Week 2017

Five Day International event to be attended by 1500 delegates from 13 countries

President Shri Ram Nath Kovind will inaugurate India Water Week – 2017 on October 10, 2017 in New Delhi in the presence of Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Nitin Gadkari and Union Ministers of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal and Shri Dr. Satya Pal Singh.  About 1500 delegates from India and 13 other countries will attend the five day international event. The theme of India Water Week – 2017 is “Water and Energy for Inclusive Growth”.

The 5th edition of India Water Week (IWW) will be celebrated with a multi disciplinary conference and a concurrently running exhibition enriching the theme and showcasing the technologies and solutions available for the areas under deliberation of the meet.  The event will have the following major components:

  • Water, Food and Energy Security – Essential requirement for sustainable development.
  • Water for inclusive Growth
  • Sustainable energy development – Key for all round economic growth.
  • Water and Society

India, Australia to enhance relations; MoU signed on tackling terror

“The meeting is a follow-up to the Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) on Cooperation in Combating International Terrorism and Transnational Organised Crime exchanged between the two sides during the visit of Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull to New Delhi in April this year and his talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi,” the statement said.

Issues related to human trafficking and people smuggling, combating illegal drug trafficking, and sharing information between law enforcement agencies, were also discussed.

The two sides agreed to pursue further the agenda for cooperation in specific areas with meetings of operational joint working groups involving agencies concerned, the statement added.


Dr. Mahesh Sharma to inaugurate ‘Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav-2017’ to be held in Ahmadabad From 7th To 9th October, 2017

The “Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav (RSM)-2017” will be held from 7th to 9th October, 2017  in India’s 1st World Heritage City i.e Ahmadabad, Gujarat. Ms. Sujata Prasad, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Culture addressing the media persons Ahmadabad, Gujarat.So far, Ministry of Culture has organised 5 RSM’s i.e 2 in Delhi, 1 each in Varanasi, Bengaluru and RSM North East in all NE State capitals.


Literary festival to focus on wildlife conservation

Set in the foothills of Himalayas surrounding Nainital and Corbett, Kumaon Festival of Literature and Arts, this year, will focus on wildlife conservation and sustainable living.

The two-day long festival that begins tommorrow, will see speakers like conservationist M K Ranjithsinh, author-film maker Janaki Lenin and writer-conservationist Prerna Bindra among others.


BUSINESS BULLETIN

Under composite schemes traders to pay 1 percent, manufacturers 2 percent and restaurants 5 percent GST; Companies with 1.5 crore rupees turnover to file quarterly returns; Exporters to get refunds of their input credit from 10th of this month; E-Wallet for  getting their refunds from 1st April 2018.

Government has announced major relief in GST for exporters and  small and medium enterprises. The composition threshold limit under GST has been enhanced from 75 lak rupees to one crore. Briefing reporters after GST Council meeting, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said that under composite scheme, traders will pay one percent, manufacturers two percent and restaurants five percent.

GST tax payers upto 1.5 crore rupees turnover can now file their return on quarterly basis, in place of monthly basis.  Exporters will start getting refunds of their input credit for the month of July from 10th of October, and for August from 18th of this month. This is an interim arrangement, said Mr Jaitley.

Mr Jaitley said exporters will have e-wallet from 1st April, 2018 for getting their refunds.

Amendments to the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2016 and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Fast Track Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2017


The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) has amended the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2016 and Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Fast Track Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2017 yesterday. According to theAmended Regulations, a Resolution Plan shall include a statement as to how it has dealt with the interests of all stakeholders, including financial creditors and operational creditors, of the Corporate Debtor.


India gets Lowest Wind Tariff of Rs. 2.64 per kWh in second Wind Auction of 1000 MW

The wind tariff in India touched lowest level of Rs.2.64 per kWh in the second wind auction conducted by the Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) on behalf of Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India.


Aadhaar now a must for post office deposits, PPF, KVP

New Delhi: The government has made biometric identification Aadhaar mandatory for all post office deposits, PPF, the National Savings Certificate scheme and Kisan Vikas Patra.


SPORTS

India's biggest ever football extravaganza, FIFA U-17 World Cup, kicks off; Prime Minister Narendra Modi felicitates football legends and children from Mission-11 million.

Two-time champions Ghana began their FIFA Under-17 World Cup campaign with a 1-0 victory over Colombia in a Group A match in New Delhi today. Ghana earned three points from the win.  In the opening Group B match at the D Y Patil Stadium in Navi Mumbai, New Zealand came from a goal down to draw 1-1 against Turkey.


AWARDS

International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons awarded this year's Nobel Peace Prize.

  • The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded on Friday to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, an organisation seeking to eliminate atomic weapons through an international treaty-based prohibition.
  • The Geneva-based ICAN won the USD 1.1 million prize because it "has been a driving force in prevailing upon the world's nations to pledge to cooperate ... in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit and eliminate nuclear weapons," Norwegian Nobel Committee chairwoman Berit Reiss-Andersen said in the announcement.

George Clooney To Receive AFI Life Achievement Award

George Clooney has been selected as the recipient of the 46th annual AFI Life Achievement Award in a ceremony to be held on June 7, 2018.  Clooney , a two time Oscar winner and one of only two people (along with Walt Disney)  to be nominated for Academy Awards in six different categories, was selected for his versatility, as well as his star power. “George Clooney  is America’s  leading man,”



Daily GK & Current Affairs - 06 Oct 2017

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NATIONAL NEWS

India, Djibouti sign agreement on bilateral consultations

  • India and Djibouti today signed an agreement to establish regular Foreign Office-level consultations during President Ram Nath Kovind's visit.
  • The agreement was signed after Kovind and his Djiboutian counterpart Omar Guelleh held talks.
  • He also urged for an early ratification of Djibouti's membership of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) and mentioned its solar energy potential.
  • The ISA was jointly launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and then French President Francois Hollande at the CoP21 in Paris in 2015. The aim of the ISA is to provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar resource rich countries and promote the use of solar energy.

India, Ethiopia sign agreements on trade, communication

India and Ethiopia today signed agreements on trade, communication and media to boost bilateral ties as President Ram Nath Kovind held talks with his Ethiopian counterpart Mulatu Teshome in Addis Ababa.

India also thanked Ethiopia for its participation in the International Solar Alliance (ISA), established in 2015. The aim of the ISA is to provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar resource rich countries and promote the use of solar energy.

The India Business Forum is the first partner-country forum of its kind in Ethiopia and represents more than 100 Indian companies. Kovind said India has created jobs and contributed to the prosperity of Ethiopia. Indian investment has had a significant presence in manufacturing in Ethiopia and value addition to local resources, he said. Ethiopia has been the largest recipient of Indian concessional lines of credit in Africa, with over USD 1 billion committed.


India, EU to hold 14th summit talks on October 6

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the EU leaders are likely to discuss ways to step up cooperation to prevent terrorism and revive Free Trade talks.
  • The EU is India's largest regional trading partner with bilateral trade in goods at $88 billion in 2016.
  • India and the European Union will hold their 14th summit talks on October 6 during which both sides are expected to discuss a host of key issues including ways to remove hurdles for the long-pending Free Trade Agreement.
  • The 14th India-EU Summit aims to deepen the India-EU Strategic Partnership and advance collaboration in priority areas for India's growth and development.
  • The EU is India's largest regional trading partner with bilateral trade in goods at USD 88 billion in 2016. The EU is also the largest destination for Indian exports and a key source of investment and technologies. India received around USD 83 billions of foreign direct investment from Europe during 2000-17 which constituted approximately 24 per cent of the total FDI inflows into the country during the period.

Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs celebrates World Habitat Day

The Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs Shri Hardeep Singh Puri spoke at a programme organized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on the occasion of ‘World Habitat Day’ on the theme ‘Housing Policies : Affordable Homes’ in New Delhi.

The Minister said the new urban missions launched by the Government like the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) is at the core of ensuring affordable homes to the poor and the needy while other missions like the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) aim at enabling the much needed basic infrastructure for a decent habitat.

Under PMAY(Urban), the Ministry has so far approved construction of 28,57,321 affordable homes for Economically Weaker Sections, Low and Middle Income Groups with an investment of Rs.1,54,180 cr. Central assistance of Rs.44,278 cr has been approved for these houses.


STATE NEWS

AP signs MoU with Mastercard

The State government on Thursday entered into a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Mastercard to pave way for digital financial transactions in a secure environment. The MoU would help the government in adopting and hastening innovations such as digital payments and launch financial inclusion programmes.

Under the MoU, cybersecurity would be implemented across the digital payments and IoT in coordination with the State government and other key stakeholders.


BUSINESS BULLETIN

IBBI notifies the IBBI (Information Utilities) (Amendment) Regulations, 2017

IBBI had notified the IBBI (Information Utilities) Regulations, 2017 on 31st March, 2017. These regulations provided that ordinarily a person should not hold more than 10% of paid up equity share capital or voting power of an information utility, while allowing certain specified persons to hold up to 25%. These further provided that a person may hold up to 51% of paid-up equity share capital or total voting power of an information utility till the expiry of three years from its registration.

IBBI has amended the IBBI (Information Utilities) Regulations, 2017 on 29th September, 2017. According to the amended regulations, a person may, directly or indirectly, either by itself or together with persons acting in concert, hold up to fifty-one percent of the paid-up equity share capital or total voting power of an information utility up to three years from the date of its registration.


India signs €300 million Finance Contract with European Investment Bank (EIB) for financing Bangalore Metro Rail Project Phase II- Line R6.

Government of India and European Investment Bank (EIB) today signed the Finance Contract for lending of € 300 million for Bangalore Metro Rail Project Phase II Line R6. The agreement was signed by Shri S. Selvakumar, Joint Secretary (BC), Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance on behalf of the Government of India and Mr. Andrew McDowell, Vice President, EIB, on behalf of the EIB.

Bangalore Metro Rail Project Phase II is to be jointly financed by the European Investment Bank (€500 million) and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (€300 million). The first tranche of Euro 300mn was signed today. The project envisages extension of East-West & North-South lines for Bangalore Metro Rail which includes a total length of 72.095 km (13.79 km underground) and 61 stations with 12 underground stations. The project implementation period is 5 years from date of commencement of the Project.


Shell companies crackdown: 4.5 lakh directors may face axe

By Manoj Rammohan New Delhi, Oct 5 (PTI) As many as 4.5 lakh directors may face disqualification for their association with shell companies, Union minister P P Chaudhary said today as the government steps up its fight against the black money menace.


SPORTS

FIFA launches Hindi twitter account for U-17 WC

World football's governing body, FIFA on Thursday launched a Hindi twitter account of the U-17 World Cup, which begins here tomorrow.


AWARDS

British author Kazuo Ishiguro wins Nobel Literature Prize

British author Kazuo Ishiguro, best known for his novel "The Remains of the Day", won the Nobel Literature Prize today, the Swedish Academy said.

The 62-year-old, "in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world," the Academy wrote in its citation.

Born in Nagasaki, he moved to Britain with his family when he was five years old, only returning to visit Japan as an adult. Both his first novel "A Pale View of Hills" from 1982 and the subsequent one, "An Artist of the Floating World" from 1986, take place in Nagasaki a few years after World War II.


Gauri Lankesh honoured with Anna Politkovskaya Award

Journalist-activist Gauri Lankesh, who was shot dead by unknown assailants on September 5, has been posthumously accorded with the prestigious Anna Politkovskaya Award, instituted by Reach All Women (RAW) in War.

Gauri is the 12th woman to receive this prestigious award. Nominations Committee members have observed that they were deeply moved by Gauri and Gulalai's bravery and dedication to peace and human rights. The citation reads: Gauri Lankesh was a major figure in India, critic of right-wing Hindu extremism, campaigner for women's rights, fiercely opposed to the caste system, campaigning for rights of Dalits and so on.


SCI-TECH NEWS

New nanomaterial can create hydrogen fuel from seawater

In a breakthrough, scientists have developed a new nanomaterial that uses solar energy to generate hydrogen from seawater, producing the low cost and clean-burning fuel more efficiently than existing materials.

The advance may lead to a new source of hydrogen fuel, ease demand for fossil fuels and boost the economy of countries where sunshine and seawater are abundant.

It is possible to produce hydrogen to power fuel cells by extracting the gas from seawater, but the electricity required to do it makes the process costly.

Researchers from University of Central Florida in the US developed a new catalyst that is able to not only harvest a much broader spectrum of light than other materials, but also stand up to the harsh conditions found in seawater.



The Hindu Daily Word List - 7 October 2017

Publish on 2 years ago by QuizCanvas Team

1. TRITE (adjective)

(of a remark or idea) lacking originality or freshness; dull on account of overuse


Antonyms : original, fresh, imaginative

Synonyms : hackneyed, banal, clichéd, platitudinous, vapid

Usage:
  • This point may now seem obvious and trite.

2. SNUB (noun)

An act of rebuffing or ignoring someone or something; Rebuff, ignore, or spurn disdainfully; Check the movement of (a horse or boat), especially by a rope wound round a post


Synonyms : rebuff, insult, repulse, slight, affront

Usage:
  • The move was a snub to the government.

  • They snubbed his invitation to a meeting of foreign ministers.

  • He snubbed faculty members and students alike.

3. ABYSS (noun)

A deep or seemingly bottomless chasm


Synonyms : chasm, gorge, ravine, canyon, fissure

Usage:
  • A rope led down into the dark abyss.

4. IMPECCABLE (adjective)

In accordance with the highest standards; faultless


Antonyms : imperfect, sinful

Synonyms : flawless, faultless, unblemished, spotless, stainless

Usage:
  • He had impeccable manners.

5. HARK (verb)

Listen


Usage:
  • Hark! He knocks.

6. DYSTOPIAN (noun)

A person who advocates or describes an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad; Relating to or denoting an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one


Usage:
  • A lot of things those dystopians feared did not come true.

  • The utopian dream that became a dystopian nightmare.

  • The dystopian future of a society bereft of reason.

7. CAPRICE (noun)

A sudden and unaccountable change of mood or behaviour


Antonyms : stability

Synonyms : whim, whimsy, vagary, fancy, notion

Usage:
  • The caprices of the electorate.

  • A land where men were ruled by law and not by caprice.

8. TOPOGRAPHY (noun)

The arrangement of the natural and artificial physical features of an area


Usage:
  • The topography of the island.

9. ABASH (verb)

Make (someone) feel embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed


Usage:
  • Harriet looked slightly abashed.

10. HONCHO (noun)

A leader or manager; the person in charge; Be in charge of (a project or situation)


Usage:
  • The company's head honcho in the US.

  • What else could be expected from a review honchoed by him?.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 6 October 2017

Publish on 2 years ago by QuizCanvas Team

1. PEEK (noun)

A quick or furtive look; Look quickly or furtively


Synonyms : secret look, sly look, stealthy look, sneaky look, peep

Usage:
  • She sneaked a peek at the map.

  • Faces peeked from behind twitched curtains.

2. VEER (verb)

Change direction suddenly


Synonyms : swerve, career, skew, swing, sheer

Usage:
  • An oil tanker that had veered off course.

3. AGILITY (noun)

Ability to move quickly and easily


Usage:
  • Though he was without formal training as dancer or athlete, his physical agility was inexhaustible.

4. SQUABBLE (noun)

A noisy quarrel about something trivial; Quarrel noisily over a trivial matter


Synonyms : quarrel, row, argue, bicker, have a fight

Usage:
  • Family squabbles.

  • The boys were squabbling over a ball.

5. MANIFESTO (noun)

A public declaration of policy and aims, especially one issued before an election by a political party or candidate


Synonyms : policy statement, platform, programme, declaration, proclamation

Usage:
  • A manifesto for gay liberation.

  • He may fudge key issues in the Labour manifesto.

  • Manifesto commitments.

6. STINT (noun)

A person's fixed or allotted period of work; Limitation of supply or effort; Supply a very ungenerous or inadequate amount of (something)


Synonyms : spell, stretch, period, time, turn

Usage:
  • His varied career included a stint as a magician.

  • A collector with an eye for quality and the means to indulge it without stint.

  • Stowage room hasn't been stinted.

7. SOLICIT (verb)

Ask for or try to obtain (something) from someone; Accost someone and offer one's or someone else's services as a prostitute


Synonyms : ask for, request, apply for, put in for, seek

Usage:
  • He called a meeting to solicit their views.

  • Don't solicit for money.

  • Although prostitution was not itself an offence, soliciting was.

8. PRAGMATIC (adjective)

Dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations


Usage:
  • A pragmatic approach to politics.

9. CAVEAT (noun)

A warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations


Synonyms : warning, caution, admonition, monition, red flag

Usage:
  • There are a number of caveats which concern the validity of the assessment results.

10. ILLUSION (noun)

An instance of a wrong or misinterpreted perception of a sensory experience


Antonyms : reality

Synonyms : delusion, misapprehension, misconception, deception, false impression

Usage:
  • Stripes embellish the surface to create the illusion of various wood-grain textures.


Daily GK & Current Affairs - 05 Oct 2017

Publish on 2 years ago by QuizCanvas Team

Stay updated with QuizCanvas' "Daily GK & Current Affairs bulletin". This article is very helpful for aspirants who are preparing for different competitive exams like Bank PO, Banking, Railway, IAS, PCS, UPSC, CAT, GATE, CDS, NDA, MCA, MBA, Engineering, IBPS, Clerical Grade, Officer Grade etc.

 

Daily GK Current Affairs 05 Oct 2017 by QuizCanvas

NATIONAL NEWS

PM addresses Company Secretaries at the inauguration of the golden jubilee year of ICSI

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today addressed Company Secretaries at the inauguration of the Golden Jubilee Year of ICSI – the Institute of Company Secretaries of India.

On this occasion, the Prime Minister congratulated all those associated with ICSI. He said he is happy to be among those who are responsible for ensuring that companies follow the law, and maintain their accounts properly. He said their work helps establish the country's corporate culture. Their advice has a bearing on the country's corporate governance, he added.


Government sets up a high-level committee for proper management of water resources in North-Eastern region .

The Centre has set up a high-level committee for proper management of water resources in the North-Eastern region. The Committee will be headed  by NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar. It will facilitate optimising benefits of appropriate water management in the form of hydro-electric power, agriculture, bio-diversity conservation, reduced flood damage erosion, inland water transport, forestry, fishery and eco tourism. The committee is also tasked with spelling out actionable steps for optimizing water resources in the region and chalking out an action plan for dovetailing of Central schemes.


Cabinet approves the Extradition Treaty between India and Lithuania

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its approval for the signing and ratification of the Extradition Treaty between India and Lithuania.
  • The Treaty would provide a legal framework for seeking extradition of terrorists, economic offenders and other criminals from and to Lithuania.
  • The Treaty would help in extradition of fugitive criminals including terrorists for criminal prosecutions from Lithuania who may have committed crimes against India. It will bring the criminals to justice, with a view to ensure peace and tranquility to public at large.

Cabinet apprised of the MoU between India and Switzerland on Technical Cooperation in Rail Sector

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been apprised of the Memorandum of Understanding between Ministry of Railways, Government of India and the Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications of Swiss Confederation on Technical Cooperation in Rail Sector.  The MoU was signed on on 31st August, 2017.

The MoU will enable technical cooperation in the following areas:-

  • Traction Rolling stock
  • EMU and train sets
  • Traction Propulsion Equipments
  • Freight and Passenger Cars
  • Tilting Trains
  • Railway Electrification Equipments
  • Train scheduling and operation improvement
  • Railway Station modernization
  • Multimodal transport
  • Tunneling technology

Background:

Ministry of Railways have signed MoUs for technical cooperation in the Rail sector with various foreign Governments and National Railways. The identified areas of cooperation include high-speed corridors, speed raising of existing routes, development of world-class stations, heavy haul operations and modernization of rail infrastructure, etc. The cooperation is achieved through exchange of information on developments in areas of railways technology & operations, knowledge sharing, technical visits, training & seminars and workshops in areas of mutual interest.

The MoUs provide a platform for Indian Railways to interact and share the latest developments and knowledge in the railway sector. The MoUs facilitate exchange of technical experts, reports and technical documents, training and seminars/workshops focusing on specific technology areas and other interactions for knowledge sharing.


Cabinet approves renaming of Kandla Port as Deendayal Port

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its ex-post facto approval to the renaming of Kandla Port as Deendayal Port.

Ports in India are generally named after the city or town in which these are situated.  However, the Government, in special cases, after due consideration, have renamed the Ports after great leaders in the past.

By renaming Kandla Port as "Deendayal Port, Kandla", a grateful nation would be remembering the invaluable contributions made by one of the greatest sons of India, Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay. This will inspire the People of Gujarat, particularly the Youth, who may not be fully aware of the contributions made by the great leader.


Tourism Minister Briefs Media Persons on ‘Paryatan Parv’ to be Oprganized Nationwide from 5th to 25th October, 2017

Shri Alphons Kannanthanam, Minister of State (Independent charge) for Tourism has said that the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India in collaboration with other Central Ministries, State Governments and Stakeholders is organizing a “Paryatan Parv” across the country from the 5th to 25th October 2017. Addressing media persons at a Press Conference here today, he said that programme is being organized with the objective of drawing focus on the benefits of tourism, showcasing the cultural diversity of the country and reinforcing the principle of “Tourism for All”. Smt. Rashmi Verma, Secretary, Ministry of Tourism and senior officers were present un the Press Conference.

The Minister informed the media persons that the Paryatan Parv will have three main components:

  • Dekho Apna Desh :  To encourage Indians to visit their own country.
  • Tourism for All :  Tourism Events at sites across all States in the country.
  • Tourism & Governance :Interactive Sessions & Workshops with Stakeholders on varied themes

Turtle Sanctuary to be set up in Allahabad

In order to protect the rich aquatic biodiversity of river Ganga from escalating anthropogenic pressures, development of a Turtle sanctuary in Allahabad along with a River Biodiversity Park at Sangam have been approved under Namami Gange programme.

The project at an estimated cost of Rs 1.34 crore would include development of River Biodiversity Park at Sangam (confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and mythical Sarasvati), establishment of a Turtle Rearing Centre (Permanent nursery at Triveni Pushp and makeshift annual hatcheries) and awareness about the importance of river Ganga and imperativeness of its conservation has been approved.

This project will provide much needed platform to make the visitors aware of their place in the ecosystem, their roles and responsibilities, improve their understanding of the complexity of co-existence with the environment and help generate awareness for reducing the impact of human activities on critical natural resources. The task of dissipating knowledge about river Ganga will be taken up ardently in this project, which is 100% centrally funded.


BUSINESS NEWS

RBI ups inflation projection to 4.2-4.6% during second half

The Reserve Bank today raised its inflation projection to 4.2-4.6 per cent for the second half of the current fiscal due to firming global oil prices and uncertainty on kharif farm output.


RBI keeps repo rate unchanged at 6%

  • The Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI’s) six-member Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), headed by Governor Urjit Patel, on Wednesday kept the repo rate – the key policy rate at which the RBI lends money to banks – unchanged at six per cent. This was broadly in line with expectations, given the concerns around inflation targeting.
  • Consequently, the reverse repo rate under the LAF remains at 5.75 per cent, and the marginal standing facility (MSF) rate and the Bank Rate at 6.25 per cent.
  • The RBI reduced the gross value added (GVA) growth target for the current financial year to 6.7 per cent from 7.3 per cent earlier.

World Bank raises 2017, 2018 East Asia growth forecasts, sees geopolitical risks

  • The World Bank raised its economic growth forecasts for developing East Asia and Pacific for this year and 2018, but added the generally positive outlook was clouded by risks such as rising trade protectionism and geopolitical tensions.
  • The Washington-based lender now expects the developing East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region, which includes China, to grow 6.4 percent in 2017 and 6.2 percent in 2018.
  • Its previous forecast in April was for 6.2 percent growth in 2017 and 6.1 percent growth in 2018.

SPORTS

Deepa Malik to receive M G Mehta Human Spirit award

Rio Paralympics silver medalist Deepa Malik will be honoured with the ''M G Mehta Human Spirit'' award, at a ceremony to be held here next month.


FC Goa signs MoU with EBTC for promotion of football

Indian Super League side FC Goa has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with European Business and Technology Centre (EBTC) in an effort to promote football in the state.


AWARDS

Scientists Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson win Nobel Prize for chemistry for development of cryo-electron microscopy.

  • Scientists Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson won the 2017 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for developing cryo-electron microscopy which simplifies and improves the imaging of biomolecules, the award-giving body said on Wednesday.
  • Chemistry is the third of this year's Nobel Prizes after the winners of the medicine and physics prizes were announced earlier this week.
  • The prizes are named after dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel and have been awarded since 1901 for achievements in science, literature and peace in accordance with his will.

British author Kazuo Ishiguro has won the 2017 Nobel Prize for Literature

British author Kazuo Ishiguro has won the 2017 Nobel Prize for Literature.  The novelist has written eight books, which have been translated into over 40 languages. His most famous novels "The Remains of the Day" and "Never Let Me Go" were adapted into highly acclaimed films. He was conferred the prestigious Order of British Empire in 1995.


Urvashi Sahni, founder of SHEF, wins social entrepreneur award

  • Urvashi Sahni, founder and chief executive of Study Hall Educational Foundation (SHEF), was awarded the Social Entrepreneur of the Year award 2017 for her work in educating India’s most disadvantaged girls.
  • She won the award, beating candidates from more prominent non-profit organizations including Akshaya Patra. Commerce and industry minister Suresh Prabhu presented the award to Sahni.
  • Jointly founded by Jubilant Bhartia Foundation and Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship in 2010, the award recognizes promising and high impact social entrepreneurs implementing practical and sustainable solutions.

APPOINTMENTS

Satya Pal Malik takes oath as Governor of Bihar

Former MP and BJP national vice-president Satya Pal Malik took oath as the Governor of Bihar on Wednesday. The post had fallen vacant in June after Ram Nath Kovind was nominated as candidate for President by the NDA government and subsequently resigned. West Bengal Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi has been holding additional charge of Bihar since.


Rajnish Kumar appointed new SBI chairman

Rajnish Kumar, Managing Director of State Bank of India (SBI), was appointed the next chairman of the largest public sector bank today.  He will succeed Arundhati Bhattacharya, who is at present serving her one-year extension, that ends on Friday.

The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved the appointment of Kumar for a period of three years from October 7, according to an order issued by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).



The Hindu Daily Word List - 5 October 2017

Publish on 2 years ago by QuizCanvas Team

1. BIGOTRY (noun)

Intolerance towards those who hold different opinions from oneself


Antonyms : tolerance

Synonyms : prejudice, bias, partiality, partisanship, sectarianism

Usage:
  • The difficulties of combating prejudice and bigotry.

2. PAROCHIALISM (noun)

A limited or narrow outlook, especially focused on a local area; narrow-mindedness


Synonyms : narrow-mindedness, localism, provincialism, insularity, narrowness

Usage:
  • Accusations of parochialism.

3. FRATERNITY (noun)

A group of people sharing a common profession or interests; Friendship and mutual support within a group


Synonyms : brotherhood, fellowship, kinship, friendship, companionship

Usage:
  • Members of the hunting fraternity.

  • The ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity.

4. TRACT (noun)

An area of land, typically a large one; A major passage in the body, large bundle of nerve fibres, or other continuous elongated anatomical structure or region


Synonyms : area, region, expanse, span, sweep

Usage:
  • Large tracts of natural forest.

  • The digestive tract.

5. IMPUNITY (noun)

Exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action


Antonyms : liability, responsibility

Synonyms : immunity, indemnity, exemption from punishment, freedom from punishment, exemption

Usage:
  • The impunity enjoyed by military officers implicated in civilian killings.

  • Protestors burned flags on the streets with impunity.

6. ORDAIN (verb)

Make (someone) a priest or minister; confer holy orders on; Order (something) officially


Synonyms : confer holy orders on, appoint, induct, install, invest

Usage:
  • He was ordained a minister before entering Parliament.

  • Women ordained to the diaconate.

  • An ordained clergyman.

7. ANNIHILATION (noun)

Complete destruction or obliteration


Usage:
  • The threat of global annihilation.

8. MENACE (noun)

A person or thing that is likely to cause harm; a threat or danger; Be a threat or possible danger to


Synonyms : threaten, be a danger to, put at risk, jeopardize, imperil

Usage:
  • A new initiative aimed at beating the menace of drugs.

  • The snakes are a menace to farm animals.

  • Africa's elephants are still menaced by poaching.

9. ENVISAGE (verb)

Contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event


Synonyms : foresee, predict, forecast, foretell, anticipate

Usage:
  • The Rome Treaty envisaged free movement across frontiers.

10. TRAJECTORY (noun)

The path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces


Synonyms : course, route, path, track, line

Usage:
  • The rapid upward trajectory of Rich's career.

  • The missile's trajectory was preset.


Daily GK & Current Affairs - 04 Oct 2017

Publish on 2 years ago by QuizCanvas Team

Stay updated with QuizCanvas' "Daily GK & Current Affairs bulletin". This article is very helpful for aspirants who are preparing for different competitive exams like Bank PO, Banking, Railway, IAS, PCS, UPSC, CAT, GATE, CDS, NDA, MCA, MBA, Engineering, IBPS, Clerical Grade, Officer Grade etc.

 

Daily GK Current Affairs 04 Oct 2017 by QuizCanvas

NATIONAL NEWS

Ministry of Health ranks first in Swachh Bharat initiative

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has been adjudged as the best department for its contribution during ‘Swachhta Pakhwada’, an inter-ministry initiative of the Swachh Bharat Mission. The Ministry observed the Swachhta Pakhwada from February 1-15. The award was presented on the third anniversary of the Mission on October 2. Health Secretary C. K. Mishra received the award on behalf of the Ministry.


Vice President Lays foundation stone for National Highway projects and Inland Water Ways in Andhra Pradesh

Vice President laid foundation stone for six national highway projects and dedicated seven national highway projects, costing Rs. 4153 crore in Andhra Pradesh. He also laid foundation stone for development of an Inland Water Way in the Krishna River between Muktyala and Vijayawada in the Andhra Pradesh capital region of Amaravati.


India set to sign $4.5 billion LoC deal with Bangladesh

Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley arrived here on Tuesday ahead of India and Bangladesh signing the third line of credit (LoC) agreement involving $4.5 billion to be spent on infrastructure and social sector development.

New visa scheme

The two countries signed the first LoC in August 2010. The second one was inked in March, 2016.

According to the tour schedule, Mr. Jaitley would call on the Bangladesh premier and inaugurate, along with his counterpart, a new scheme for cashless transactions in visa services run by the State Bank of India on behalf of the Indian High Commission here.


Admiral Sunil Lanba, Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chief of the Naval Staff visits Vietnam

Admiral Sunil Lanba, PVSM, AVSM, ADC, Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chief of the Naval Staff is visiting Vietnam on a bilateral visit from 04 to 07 October 2017. The visit aims to consolidate cooperation between the Armed Forces of India and Vietnam and also to explore new avenues of defence cooperation.

Key Point-

The Indian Navy cooperates with the Vietnam People’s Navy on many issues, which include operational interactions, training and exchange of Subject Matter Experts in various fields through the medium of Staff Talks. The Vietnam People’s Navy also participates in the ‘MILAN’ inter-Navy interactions organised at Port Blair by the Indian Navy.


Union HRD Minister launches Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed)

A quality programme of National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) for in-service untrained teachers training Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed) was launched by Union Human Resource Developement Minister Shri Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi today. The Teacher Training Programme is designed for all Untrained Govt. /Govt. aided /Private unaided recognized in- service Untrained teachers of Elementary Schools & 15 lakh (approx) teachers have been enrolled so far.


CWC sign MoU with IIT Roorkee and MNNIT Allahabad to support capacity building in dam safety areas under dam rehabilitation and improvement project

Central Water Commission (CWC) has signed MoUs with IIT Roorkee and MNNIT Allahabad to support dam rehabilitation efforts of various implementing agencies and CWC.

Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation has taken on board selected premier academic and research institutes, for capacity building in the areas of dam safety through World Bank assisted Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP).The scope includes strengthening the testing laboratories, enhancing analytical capabilities, exposure visits to best global institutions and on ground exposure to dam safety concerns to the faculty of these institutions.


President Ram Nath Kovind appoints Commission to examine sub-categorisation of OBC

  • President Ram Nath Kovind has appointed five member Commission to examine the sub-categorisation of the Other Backward Classes (OBCs).
  • Justice (Retd.) G. Rohini will be the chairperson of the Commission which will present its report to the President within twelve weeks.
  • The sub-categorization of the OBCs will ensure that the more backward among the OBC communities can also access the benefits of reservation for educational institutions and government jobs.
  • The Commission will examine the extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation among the castes or communities included in the broad category of OBCs with reference to such classes included in the Central List. It will work out the mechanism, criteria, norms and parameters in a scientific approach for sub-categorisation within such OBCs.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Suu Kyi stripped of Oxford honour over Rohingya criticism

An honour bestowed on Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi by the city of Oxford has been withdrawn as a reaction to her perceived inadequate response to the plight of Rohingya Muslims in the country.


WEF’s India summit starts today

World Economic Forum’s 33rd India Economic Summit will kick off on Wednesday, in partnership with industry body CII. The theme of the conference, which will be attended by key ministers of the government, including Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and industrialists such as Sunil Bharti Mittal, is ‘Creating Indian Narratives on Global Challenges’.

More than 650 leaders from 35 countries are taking part, allowing Indian business, society and government leaders to interact and collaborate with peers from across the globe.


BUSINESS BULLETIN

India to top global remittances chart with USD 66 billion in

India is expected to retain it position as the top remittances receiving country, with its diaspora set to pump in a whopping USD 65 billion in the year 2017, the World Bank said today.


India exported a total of 11,34,948 MT seafood valued at all time high US$ 5.78 billion (Rs. 37,870.90 crore) in 2016-17

India exported a total of 11,34,948 MT seafood valued at all time high US$ 5.78 billion (Rs. 37,870.90 crore) in 2016-17 as against 9,45,892 MT valued at US$ 4.69 billion in the previous year. Frozen shrimp maintained its position as the top contributor with 38.28 % share in quantity and 64.50 % of the total earnings in terms of US$ from seafood exports. An increase of 16.21% in terms of quantity and 20.33% in terms of US$ has been recorded over the previous year. The demand from the European Union of Indian marine products grew substantially during this period while USA and South East Asia continued to be the major importers.


Manufacturing PMI stuck at 51.2: Nikkei

Manufacturing activity remained unchanged in September compared with the level in August, although the sector witnessed some expansion during both months, according to a private sector survey.

The Nikkei India Purchasing Managers’ Index registered a value of 51.2 in September, the same as in August. A reading above 50 indicates an expansion in activity, while one below 50 denotes a contraction.


AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENTS

U.S. trio win Nobel for finding Einstein's gravitational waves

  • Three U.S. scientists won the 2017 Nobel prize for physics on Tuesday for opening up a new era of astronomy by detecting gravitational waves, ripples in space and time foreseen by Albert Einstein a century ago.
  • The work of Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish and Kip Thorne crowned half a century of experimental efforts by scientists and engineers.
  • Measuring gravitational waves offers a new way to observe the cosmos, helping scientists explore the nature of mysterious objects including black holes and neutron stars. It may also provide insight into the universe’s very earliest moments.

Hyderabad Scientist bags Padmashree I V Subba Rao Raithu Nestham-2017 Award

Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu on Wednesday presented Padmasree I V SubbaRao Raithu Nestham-2017 award to B Dayakar Rao  for the Best Scientist  category (Millets value added Processing and Promotion)  under Raithu Nestham Awards-2017 at Swarna Bharati trust, Atkur Village, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh . B Dayakar Rao, Principal Scientist and CEO-Technology Business Incubator, ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research (IIMR), Hyderabad received the award in the presence of Andhra Pradesh Agriculture Minister Somireddy Chandra Mohan Reddy and Telangana State Agriculture Minister Pocharam Srinivas Reddy. The function was jointly organised by Muppavarapu Foundation and Raithu Nestham.


Indian academician Prajapati elected as NAPA fellow in US

Indian academician Prajapati Trivedi has been elected as a fellow of the prestigious National Academy of Public Administration in the US, becoming the first Indian to be bestowed with this honour.


APPOINTMENTS

India’s Soumya Swaminathan becomes WHO’s Deputy Director General

Dr Soumya Swaminathan, director general of the Indian Council of Medical Research, has been appointed the Deputy Director General, Programmes, of the World Health Organisation.

Swaminathan is a paediatrician and is known for her research in tuberculosis. This would be second highest position in the organisation, below the Director General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, who took over the post this July.