Daily English Vocabs


The Hindu Daily Word List - 9 October 2017

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1. CATHARTIC (adjective)

Providing psychological relief through the open expression of strong emotions; causing catharsis


Antonyms : repressive

Synonyms : purgative, purging, purifying, cleansing, cleaning

Usage:
  • Crying is a cathartic release.

2. CIRCUITOUS (adjective)

(of a route or journey) longer than the most direct way


Antonyms : direct, straight, to the point

Synonyms : roundabout, indirect, winding, meandering, serpentine

Usage:
  • The canal followed a circuitous route.

  • A circuitous line of reasoning.

3. ANALOGOUS (adjective)

Comparable in certain respects, typically in a way which makes clearer the nature of the things compared


Antonyms : dissimilar, unrelated

Synonyms : comparable, parallel, similar, like, corresponding

Usage:
  • They saw the relationship between a ruler and his subjects as analogous to that of father and children.

4. ACCOUTREMENT (noun)

An additional item of dress or equipment


Usage:
  • The accoutrements of religious ritual.

5. DECIDUOUS (adjective)

(of a tree or shrub) shedding its leaves annually


Usage:
  • Sun-loving deciduous trees like aspen.

6. PEDANTIC (adjective)

Excessively concerned with minor details or rules; overscrupulous


Synonyms : overscrupulous, scrupulous, precise, exact, over-exacting

Usage:
  • His analyses are careful and even painstaking, but never pedantic.

7. VEXATIOUS (adjective)

Causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry


Synonyms : annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome, displeasing

Usage:
  • The vexatious questions posed by software copyrights.

8. DEMURE (adjective)

(of a woman or her behaviour) reserved, modest, and shy


Antonyms : brazen, shameless

Synonyms : modest, unassuming, meek, mild, reserved

Usage:
  • I shared a compartment with a child and his demure governess.

9. QUASH (verb)

Reject as invalid, especially by legal procedure


Antonyms : validate, bring about, prompt

Synonyms : cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal, revoke

Usage:
  • His conviction was quashed on appeal.

10. DISCREET (adjective)

Careful and prudent in one's speech or actions, especially in order to keep something confidential or to avoid embarrassment


Antonyms : indiscreet, rash, obtrusive

Synonyms : careful, circumspect, cautious, wary, chary

Usage:
  • We made some discreet inquiries.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 8 October 2017

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1. PROWESS (noun)

Skill or expertise in a particular activity or field; Bravery in battle


Antonyms : inability, ineptitude, cowardice

Synonyms : skill, skilfulness, expertise, effectiveness, mastery

Usage:
  • Her culinary prowess.

  • His prowess as a fisherman.

  • The hereditary nobility had no monopoly of skill and prowess in war.

2. REVAMP (noun)

An act of improving the form, structure, or appearance of something; Give new and improved form, structure, or appearance to


Synonyms : renovate, redecorate, refurbish, recondition, rehabilitate

Usage:
  • The brand was given a $1 million revamp.

  • An attempt to revamp the museum's image.

  • A revamped magazine.

3. RESPITE (noun)

A short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant; Postpone (a sentence, obligation, etc.)


Synonyms : rest, break, breathing space, interval, intermission

Usage:
  • A brief respite from the heat.

  • The refugee encampments will provide some respite from the suffering.

  • The execution was only respited a few months.

4. PEDIGREE (noun)

The record of descent of an animal, showing it to be pure-bred; The recorded ancestry or lineage of a person or family; (of an animal) pure-bred


Synonyms : pure-bred, thoroughbred, pure, pure-blooded, full-blooded

Usage:
  • A spaniel of distinguished pedigree.

  • They are looking for animals with pedigrees.

  • The debate about pedigree and family fortunes.

5. DROLL (adjective)

Curious or unusual in a way that provokes dry amusement


Antonyms : serious

Synonyms : funny, humorous, amusing, comic, comical

Usage:
  • His unique brand of droll self-mockery.

6. PINCH (noun)

An act of pinching someone; Grip (something, typically a person's flesh) tightly and sharply between finger and thumb; Move one's finger and thumb apart or bring them together on (a touchscreen) in order to zoom into or out of an image, activate a function, etc.


Synonyms : nip, tweak, squeeze, small quantity, bit

Usage:
  • He gave her a gentle pinch.

  • She pinched his cheek.

  • You can pinch on the screen and all the open apps will appear.

7. RESORT (noun)

A place that is frequented for holidays or recreation or for a particular purpose; The action of resorting to a course of action in a difficult situation; Turn to and adopt (a course of action, especially an extreme or undesirable one) so as to resolve a difficult situation


Synonyms : holiday destination, holiday centre, tourist centre, centre, spot

Usage:
  • A seaside resort.

  • A health resort.

  • Germany and Italy tried to resolve their economic and social failures by resort to fascism.

8. PARRY (noun)

An act of parrying something; Ward off (a weapon or attack) with a countermove


Synonyms : ward off, fend off, stave off, turn aside, evade

Usage:
  • The swords clashed in a parry.

  • Her question met with a polite parry.

  • He parried the blow by holding his sword vertically.

9. REVELRY (noun)

Lively and noisy festivities, especially when these involve drinking a large amount of alcohol


Synonyms : celebration, celebrations, partying, parties, revels

Usage:
  • Sounds of revelry issued into the night.

  • New Year revelries.

10. ABDICATE (verb)

(of a monarch) renounce one's throne; Fail to fulfil or undertake (a responsibility or duty)


Antonyms : be crowned, accede to, accept, take on

Synonyms : resign, retire, quit, stand down, step down

Usage:
  • Ferdinand abdicated the throne in favour of the emperor's brother.

  • In 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated as German emperor.

  • The government was accused of abdicating its responsibility.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 7 October 2017

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1. TRITE (adjective)

(of a remark or idea) lacking originality or freshness; dull on account of overuse


Antonyms : original, fresh, imaginative

Synonyms : hackneyed, banal, clichéd, platitudinous, vapid

Usage:
  • This point may now seem obvious and trite.

2. SNUB (noun)

An act of rebuffing or ignoring someone or something; Rebuff, ignore, or spurn disdainfully; Check the movement of (a horse or boat), especially by a rope wound round a post


Synonyms : rebuff, insult, repulse, slight, affront

Usage:
  • The move was a snub to the government.

  • They snubbed his invitation to a meeting of foreign ministers.

  • He snubbed faculty members and students alike.

3. ABYSS (noun)

A deep or seemingly bottomless chasm


Synonyms : chasm, gorge, ravine, canyon, fissure

Usage:
  • A rope led down into the dark abyss.

4. IMPECCABLE (adjective)

In accordance with the highest standards; faultless


Antonyms : imperfect, sinful

Synonyms : flawless, faultless, unblemished, spotless, stainless

Usage:
  • He had impeccable manners.

5. HARK (verb)

Listen


Usage:
  • Hark! He knocks.

6. DYSTOPIAN (noun)

A person who advocates or describes an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad; Relating to or denoting an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one


Usage:
  • A lot of things those dystopians feared did not come true.

  • The utopian dream that became a dystopian nightmare.

  • The dystopian future of a society bereft of reason.

7. CAPRICE (noun)

A sudden and unaccountable change of mood or behaviour


Antonyms : stability

Synonyms : whim, whimsy, vagary, fancy, notion

Usage:
  • The caprices of the electorate.

  • A land where men were ruled by law and not by caprice.

8. TOPOGRAPHY (noun)

The arrangement of the natural and artificial physical features of an area


Usage:
  • The topography of the island.

9. ABASH (verb)

Make (someone) feel embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed


Usage:
  • Harriet looked slightly abashed.

10. HONCHO (noun)

A leader or manager; the person in charge; Be in charge of (a project or situation)


Usage:
  • The company's head honcho in the US.

  • What else could be expected from a review honchoed by him?.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 6 October 2017

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1. PEEK (noun)

A quick or furtive look; Look quickly or furtively


Synonyms : secret look, sly look, stealthy look, sneaky look, peep

Usage:
  • She sneaked a peek at the map.

  • Faces peeked from behind twitched curtains.

2. VEER (verb)

Change direction suddenly


Synonyms : swerve, career, skew, swing, sheer

Usage:
  • An oil tanker that had veered off course.

3. AGILITY (noun)

Ability to move quickly and easily


Usage:
  • Though he was without formal training as dancer or athlete, his physical agility was inexhaustible.

4. SQUABBLE (noun)

A noisy quarrel about something trivial; Quarrel noisily over a trivial matter


Synonyms : quarrel, row, argue, bicker, have a fight

Usage:
  • Family squabbles.

  • The boys were squabbling over a ball.

5. MANIFESTO (noun)

A public declaration of policy and aims, especially one issued before an election by a political party or candidate


Synonyms : policy statement, platform, programme, declaration, proclamation

Usage:
  • A manifesto for gay liberation.

  • He may fudge key issues in the Labour manifesto.

  • Manifesto commitments.

6. STINT (noun)

A person's fixed or allotted period of work; Limitation of supply or effort; Supply a very ungenerous or inadequate amount of (something)


Synonyms : spell, stretch, period, time, turn

Usage:
  • His varied career included a stint as a magician.

  • A collector with an eye for quality and the means to indulge it without stint.

  • Stowage room hasn't been stinted.

7. SOLICIT (verb)

Ask for or try to obtain (something) from someone; Accost someone and offer one's or someone else's services as a prostitute


Synonyms : ask for, request, apply for, put in for, seek

Usage:
  • He called a meeting to solicit their views.

  • Don't solicit for money.

  • Although prostitution was not itself an offence, soliciting was.

8. PRAGMATIC (adjective)

Dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations


Usage:
  • A pragmatic approach to politics.

9. CAVEAT (noun)

A warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations


Synonyms : warning, caution, admonition, monition, red flag

Usage:
  • There are a number of caveats which concern the validity of the assessment results.

10. ILLUSION (noun)

An instance of a wrong or misinterpreted perception of a sensory experience


Antonyms : reality

Synonyms : delusion, misapprehension, misconception, deception, false impression

Usage:
  • Stripes embellish the surface to create the illusion of various wood-grain textures.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 5 October 2017

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1. BIGOTRY (noun)

Intolerance towards those who hold different opinions from oneself


Antonyms : tolerance

Synonyms : prejudice, bias, partiality, partisanship, sectarianism

Usage:
  • The difficulties of combating prejudice and bigotry.

2. PAROCHIALISM (noun)

A limited or narrow outlook, especially focused on a local area; narrow-mindedness


Synonyms : narrow-mindedness, localism, provincialism, insularity, narrowness

Usage:
  • Accusations of parochialism.

3. FRATERNITY (noun)

A group of people sharing a common profession or interests; Friendship and mutual support within a group


Synonyms : brotherhood, fellowship, kinship, friendship, companionship

Usage:
  • Members of the hunting fraternity.

  • The ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity.

4. TRACT (noun)

An area of land, typically a large one; A major passage in the body, large bundle of nerve fibres, or other continuous elongated anatomical structure or region


Synonyms : area, region, expanse, span, sweep

Usage:
  • Large tracts of natural forest.

  • The digestive tract.

5. IMPUNITY (noun)

Exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action


Antonyms : liability, responsibility

Synonyms : immunity, indemnity, exemption from punishment, freedom from punishment, exemption

Usage:
  • The impunity enjoyed by military officers implicated in civilian killings.

  • Protestors burned flags on the streets with impunity.

6. ORDAIN (verb)

Make (someone) a priest or minister; confer holy orders on; Order (something) officially


Synonyms : confer holy orders on, appoint, induct, install, invest

Usage:
  • He was ordained a minister before entering Parliament.

  • Women ordained to the diaconate.

  • An ordained clergyman.

7. ANNIHILATION (noun)

Complete destruction or obliteration


Usage:
  • The threat of global annihilation.

8. MENACE (noun)

A person or thing that is likely to cause harm; a threat or danger; Be a threat or possible danger to


Synonyms : threaten, be a danger to, put at risk, jeopardize, imperil

Usage:
  • A new initiative aimed at beating the menace of drugs.

  • The snakes are a menace to farm animals.

  • Africa's elephants are still menaced by poaching.

9. ENVISAGE (verb)

Contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event


Synonyms : foresee, predict, forecast, foretell, anticipate

Usage:
  • The Rome Treaty envisaged free movement across frontiers.

10. TRAJECTORY (noun)

The path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces


Synonyms : course, route, path, track, line

Usage:
  • The rapid upward trajectory of Rich's career.

  • The missile's trajectory was preset.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 4 October 2017

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1. VITAL (noun)

The body's important internal organs; Absolutely necessary; essential; Full of energy; lively


Antonyms : unimportant, peripheral, secondary, minor, dispensable

Synonyms : essential, indispensable, crucial, key, necessary

Usage:
  • He felt the familiar knot contract in his vitals.

  • Secrecy is of vital importance.

  • It is vital that the system is regularly maintained.

2. BENIGN (adjective)

Gentle and kind; (of a disease) not harmful in effect


Antonyms : unfriendly, hostile, harsh, unhealthy, unfavourable

Synonyms : kindly, kind, warm-hearted, good-natured, friendly

Usage:
  • His benign but firm manner.

  • A benign condition.

3. FEBRILE (adjective)

Having or showing the symptoms of a fever; Characterized by a great deal of nervous excitement or energy


Synonyms : feverish, fevered, hot, burning, burning up

Usage:
  • A febrile illness.

  • The febrile atmosphere of the city.

4. HINDER (verb)

Make it difficult for (someone) to do something or for (something) to happen; (especially of a bodily part) rear; hind


Antonyms : help, facilitate

Synonyms : hamper, be a hindrance to, obstruct, impede, inhibit

Usage:
  • Language barriers hindered communication between scientists.

  • The hinder end of its body.

5. GOBBLE (verb)

Eat (something) hurriedly and noisily


Antonyms : nibble

Synonyms : eat greedily, eat hungrily, guzzle, bolt, gulp

Usage:
  • He gobbled up the rest of his sandwich.

6. DECEIT (noun)

The action or practice of deceiving someone by concealing or misrepresenting the truth


Antonyms : honesty

Synonyms : deception, deceitfulness, duplicity, double-dealing, fraud

Usage:
  • A web of deceit.

  • Hypocrisy and deceit were anathema to her.

  • A series of lies and deceits.

7. HERALD (noun)

A person or thing viewed as a sign that something is about to happen; Be a sign that (something) is about to happen


Synonyms : proclaim, announce, broadcast, publicize, declare

Usage:
  • They considered the first primroses as the herald of spring.

  • The speech heralded a change in policy.

8. ANECDOTE (noun)

A short amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person


Synonyms : story, tale, narrative, sketch

Usage:
  • He told anecdotes about his job.

9. GRUDGE (noun)

A persistent feeling of ill will or resentment resulting from a past insult or injury; Be resentfully unwilling to give or allow (something)


Synonyms : begrudge, resent, feel aggrieved about, feel bitter about, be annoyed about

Usage:
  • Miss Ironside seems to have had some grudge against her.

  • I've never been one to hold a grudge.

  • He grudged the work and time that the meeting involved.

10. RENDEZVOUS (noun)

A meeting at an agreed time and place; Meet at an agreed time and place


Synonyms : meet, come together, get together, gather, assemble

Usage:
  • Edward turned up late for their rendezvous.

  • I rendezvoused with Bea as planned.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 3 October 2017

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1. HAPLESS (adjective)

(especially of a person) unfortunate


Antonyms : lucky

Synonyms : unfortunate, unlucky, luckless, out of luck, ill-starred

Usage:
  • The hapless victims of the disaster.

2. CULMINATION (noun)

The highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time


Antonyms : nadir

Synonyms : climax, pinnacle, peak, high point, highest point

Usage:
  • The deal marked the culmination of years of negotiation.

3. PLEBISCITE (noun)

The direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public question such as a change in the constitution


Synonyms : vote, referendum, ballot, poll

Usage:
  • The administration will hold a plebiscite for the approval of constitutional reforms.

4. CONFISCATION (noun)

The action of taking or seizing someone's property with authority; seizure


Antonyms : return

Synonyms : seizure, impounding, commandeering, requisition, requisitioning

Usage:
  • A court ordered the confiscation of her property.

5. VITIATE (verb)

Spoil or impair the quality or efficiency of


Usage:
  • Development programmes have been vitiated by the rise in population.

6. STIMULUS (noun)

A thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue


Antonyms : deterrent, discouragement

Synonyms : spur, stimulant, encouragement, impetus, boost

Usage:
  • Areas of the brain which respond to auditory stimuli.

7. DISCRETION (noun)

The quality of behaving or speaking in such a way as to avoid causing offence or revealing confidential information; The freedom to decide what should be done in a particular situation


Antonyms : indiscretion, rashness

Synonyms : circumspection, care, carefulness, caution, wariness

Usage:
  • She knew she could rely on his discretion.

  • I'll be the soul of discretion.

  • Local authorities should use their discretion in setting the charges.

8. CUE (noun)

A thing said or done that serves as a signal to an actor or other performer to enter or to begin their speech or performance; Give a cue to or for; Set a piece of audio or video equipment in readiness to play (a particular part of the recorded material)


Synonyms : signal, sign, indication, prompt, reminder

Usage:
  • She had not yet been given her cue to come out on to the dais.

  • Ros and Guil, cued by Hamlet, also bow deeply.

  • There was a pause while she cued up the next tape.

9. RECKON (verb)

Establish by calculation; Be of the opinion; Rely on or be sure of


Synonyms : calculate, compute, work out, put a figure on, figure

Usage:
  • The Byzantine year was reckoned from 1 September.

  • His debts were reckoned at £300,000.

  • I reckon I can manage that.

10. AWRY (adjective)

Away from the usual or expected course; amiss


Antonyms : straight, symmetrical

Synonyms : amiss, wrong, not right, askew, crooked

Usage:
  • Many youthful romances go awry.

  • I got the impression that something was awry.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 1 October 2017

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1. FACILE (adjective)

Ignoring the true complexities of an issue; superficial; (especially of success in sport) easily achieved; effortless


Antonyms : thorough, profound

Synonyms : simplistic, superficial, oversimple, oversimplified, schematic

Usage:
  • Facile generalizations.

  • A facile seven-lengths victory.

2. COHESION (noun)

The action or fact of forming a united whole


Synonyms : unity, togetherness, solidarity, bond, sticking together

Usage:
  • The work at present lacks cohesion.

3. CARICATURE (noun)

A picture, description, or imitation of a person in which certain striking characteristics are exaggerated in order to create a comic or grotesque effect; Make or give a caricature of


Synonyms : parody, satirize, lampoon, mimic, ridicule

Usage:
  • A crude caricature of the Prime Minister.

  • There are elements of caricature in the portrayal of the hero.

  • He was famous enough to be caricatured by Private Eye.

4. PRODIGY (noun)

A young person with exceptional qualities or abilities


Synonyms : child genius, genius, wonder child, mastermind, virtuoso

Usage:
  • A Russian pianist who was a child prodigy in his day.

5. WHATABOUTERY (noun)

The technique or practice of responding to an accusation or difficult question by making a counter-accusation or raising a different issue.


Usage:
  • All too often, well-intentioned debate descends into whataboutery.

6. FORFEIT (noun)

A fine or penalty for wrongdoing; Lose or be deprived of (property or a right or privilege) as a penalty for wrongdoing; Lost or surrendered as a penalty for wrongdoing


Antonyms : retain

Synonyms : penalty, financial penalty, fine, fee, charge

Usage:
  • The loser must pay a forfeit.

  • Those unable to meet their taxes were liable to forfeit their estates.

  • His possessions were declared forfeit.

7. OCCULT (noun)

Mystical, supernatural, or magical powers, practices, or phenomena; Cut off from view by interposing something; Involving or relating to mystical, supernatural, or magical powers, practices, or phenomena


Synonyms : supernatural, magic, magical, mystical, mystic

Usage:
  • A secret society to study alchemy and the occult.

  • A wooden screen designed to occult the competitors.

  • A weird occult sensation of having experienced the identical situation before.

8. ENMESH (verb)

Cause to become entangled in something


Synonyms : entangle, ensnare, snare, trap, entrap

Usage:
  • Whales enmeshed in drift nets.

9. ABSURD (noun)

An absurd state of affairs; Wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate


Antonyms : reasonable, sensible

Synonyms : preposterous, ridiculous, ludicrous, farcical, laughable

Usage:
  • The incidents that followed bordered on the absurd.

  • The allegations are patently absurd.

10. ABSOLVE (verb)

Declare (someone) free from guilt, obligation, or punishment


Antonyms : blame, condemn, punish

Synonyms : exonerate, discharge, acquit, exculpate, vindicate

Usage:
  • The pardon absolved them of any crimes.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 30 September 2017

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1. PROFLIGATE (noun)

A licentious, dissolute person; Recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources; Licentious; dissolute


Antonyms : thrifty, frugal, moral, upright

Synonyms : libertine, debauchee, degenerate, reprobate, roué

Usage:
  • He is a drunkard and a profligate.

  • Profligate consumers of energy.

  • He succumbed to drink and a profligate lifestyle.

2. RANT (noun)

A spell of ranting; a tirade; Speak or shout at length in an angry, impassioned way


Synonyms : tirade, harangue, diatribe, broadside, verbal onslaught

Usage:
  • His rants against organized religion.

  • She was still ranting on about the unfairness of it all.

3. PRY (verb)

Enquire too inquisitively into a person's private affairs


Antonyms : mind one's own business

Synonyms : enquire impertinently into, investigate impertinently, be inquisitive about, be curious about, poke about in

Usage:
  • I'm sick of you prying into my personal life.

4. PITH (noun)

The essence of something; Vigour and conciseness of expression; Remove the pith from


Synonyms : essence, essential part, main point, fundamental point, heart

Usage:
  • The pith and core of socialism.

  • He writes with a combination of pith and exactitude.

  • Peel and pith the oranges.

5. PIETY (noun)

The quality of being religious or reverent


Antonyms : impiety

Synonyms : devoutness, devotion, piousness, religiousness, religion

Usage:
  • Acts of piety and charity.

6. PREPONDERANCE (noun)

The quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance


Synonyms : prevalence, predominance, dominance, bulk, majority

Usage:
  • The preponderance of women among older people.

  • A preponderance of lower-paid jobs.

7. PLOD (noun)

A slow, heavy walk; A police officer; Walk doggedly and slowly with heavy steps


Synonyms : trudge, walk heavily, clump, stomp, stump

Usage:
  • He settled down to a steady plod.

  • A bunch of plods arrived, offering me a lift to the cop shop.

  • We plodded back up the hill.

8. RACY (adjective)

Lively, entertaining, and typically sexually titillating; (of a vehicle or animal) designed or bred to be suitable for racing


Usage:
  • The novel was considered rather racy at the time.

  • The yacht is fast and racy.

9. SWERVE (noun)

An abrupt change of direction; Change or cause to change direction abruptly


Synonyms : curve, curl, bend, deviation, twist

Usage:
  • Do not make sudden swerves, particularly around parked vehicles.

  • A lorry swerved across her path.

  • O'Hara swerved the motorcycle round the corner.

10. EVANESCE (verb)

Pass out of sight, memory, or existence


Usage:
  • Water moves among reeds, evanesces, shines.


The Hindu Daily Word List - 29 September 2017

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1. WANE (noun)

The amount by which a plank or log is bevelled or falls short of a squared shape; (of a state or feeling) decrease in vigour or extent; become weaker


Antonyms : wax, increase, grow

Synonyms : disappear, decrease, diminish, dwindle, decrease

Usage:
  • I cut the log into slabs without removing the outside wane.

  • Confidence in the dollar waned.

2. CYNICISM (noun)

An inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest; scepticism


Antonyms : optimism

Synonyms : scepticism, doubt, distrust, mistrust, doubtfulness

Usage:
  • Public cynicism about politics.

3. STEREOTYPE (noun)

A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing; View or represent as a stereotype


Synonyms : typecast, pigeonhole, conventionalize, standardize, categorize

Usage:
  • The stereotype of the woman as the carer.

  • Sexual and racial stereotypes.

  • The city is too easily stereotyped as an industrial wasteland.

4. VINDICATE (verb)

Clear (someone) of blame or suspicion


Antonyms : convict, blame, incriminate, disprove

Synonyms : acquit, clear, absolve, free from blame, declare innocent

Usage:
  • Hospital staff were vindicated by the inquest verdict.

5. TROUNCE (verb)

Defeat heavily in a contest


Synonyms : defeat utterly, beat hollow, win a resounding victory over, annihilate, drub

Usage:
  • Essex trounced Cambridgeshire 5–1 in the final.

6. PENCHANT (noun)

A strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something


Usage:
  • He has a penchant for adopting stray dogs.

7. ABATE (verb)

(of something unpleasant or severe) become less intense or widespread


Antonyms : intensify, increase

Synonyms : subside, die away, die down, die out, drop away

Usage:
  • The storm suddenly abated.

8. CONVERGENCE (noun)

The process or state of converging


Usage:
  • The convergence of lines in the distance.

9. TRAJECTORY (noun)

The path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces


Synonyms : course, route, path, track, line

Usage:
  • The rapid upward trajectory of Rich's career.

  • The missile's trajectory was preset.

10. BIGOT (noun)

A person who is intolerant towards those holding different opinions


Synonyms : dogmatist, partisan, sectarian, prejudiced person

Usage:
  • He was a fanatical bigot.

  • Don't let a few small-minded bigots destroy the good image of the city.